Hover Take a trip and you may Bee Fly Species Variety

Hover Take a trip and you may Bee Fly Species Variety

Bee Kinds Range

From 2009 in order to 2018, 192 bee assortment (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was actually caught up from inside the Calanques Government Playground through one another online and you’ll dish trap collection. They belonged to half a dozen families and you can 38 genera. Megachilidae are probably the extremely groups-rich family unit members, followed by Apidae and Halictidae, with 53, 49, and you may 43 categories, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is largely this new richest genus, that have 33 assortment, when you are eight genera were illustrated in the only 1 species (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Desk step 1 [on the web only] ). Using the jackknife 1 and dos spiders, the latest bee species fullness is actually projected to be ranging from ± nine.89 and you can ± . The brand new seen fullness ergo portrayed 71.3 so you’re able to 79.6% of the projected bee richness ( Table dos). The newest Chao1 method estimated the fresh new seen fullness to acquire 76.8% of your possible restriction fullness ( Dining table 2). By far the most plentiful kinds is largely Apis mellifera L. (276 anybody), that have Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you can 168 anyone, respectively), and Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 some body). Fundamentally, fifty kinds (26%) was basically represented by the just one individual (singletons).

Environment Features http://www.hookupwebsites.org/wellhello-review from Bees

About your ecological attributes out-of nesting requires, we knew 59 solitary bee types nesting a lot more than floor, ninety-five solitary bee diversity nesting underground and you will 23 cleptoparasitic range, just like 30.eight, 47.9, and you may multiple.0% of one’s over bee diversity fullness, correspondingly. I idea of five personal variety (bumble bees and you may honey bees-dos.1%). Fundamentally, brand new nesting preferences away from fourteen assortment remain unfamiliar (7.3%- Supp Desk step one [on line simply] ). Regarding your flowery diet out-of bee groups, i found that 105 sizes (54.7%) foraged towards of several plant variety (we.years., generalist assortment, polylectic) and you will 51 varieties (twenty-six.5%) foraged using one bush family relations or even you to definitely/few bush kinds (we.ages., elite kinds, oligolectic). With the left thirty six bee diversity (18.8%), the fresh new floral eating plan wasn’t understood (age.grams., which have cleptoparasitic species). perhaps not, very generalist types presented a desires for starters otherwise several regarding bush families ( Supp Desk step 1 [on the web simply] ). With the 44 singletons, 14 bee categories (28%) had been pros, and nine bee kinds (18%) have been cleptoparasitic ( Supp Desk step one [on the internet only] ).

An enthusiastic IUCN updates can easily be bought to own 178 variety (leaving out the fresh new kinds property and you can not known versions). Many, 47 sizes is categorized due to the fact study not having (DD-26.4%), 124 kinds had been at least worried (LC-69.6%), half dozen varieties had been close endangered (NT-step 3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you can L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), plus one varieties is believed endangered (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Table 1 [on line simply] ). About three oligolectic categories was in fact among eight endangered bee models. An excellent. ovatula and you can C. albomaculatus try specialist on Fabaceae, D. argentata is basically an expert for the Caprifoliaceae.

From 2009 so you’re able to 2018, 38 type of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) were trapped inside Calanques Federal Park. It belonged to help you twenty-four genera ( Supp Table dos [online only] ). The most numerous genera was basically Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 some one), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (fourteen anyone), and Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de– Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville when you look at the Latreille, 1828 (13 individuals), whereas 20 versions (53%) was in fact illustrated regarding the only one individual ( Supp Table dos [on line just] ). This new bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) were illustrated of 20 species, plus five singletons (25%) ( Supp Dining table 3 [on line merely] ). The newest estimate out of full variety fullness aside-from hover flies and bee flies is ranging from 83 and you can 97 kinds using the jackknife step 1 and you will dos spiders, correspondingly. Therefore, brand new viewed richness depicted 59.8–69.9% of the projected hover travel and you can bee fly fullness ( Table 2).